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Hallux Valgus, commonly known as bunion, is a condition that can cause considerable pain and limit the mobility of those who suffer from it. Fortunately, there are preventive strategies that can mitigate the risk of developing this condition. In this article, we will explore in depth the most effective preventative measures for Hallux Valgus, providing a comprehensive guide to maintaining the health and wellness of your feet.

Proper Selection of Footwear

The choice of footwear plays a crucial role in the prevention of Hallux Valgus. It is essential to opt for shoes that offer a comfortable fit, with enough room in the toe area to avoid compression. Shoes should have adequate arch support and a wide toe box to minimize pressure on the big toe. Avoiding the prolonged use of high heels and narrow-toed shoes is essential, as these can contribute to the development of bunions.

Exercises to Strengthen the Feet

Foot strength and flexibility are essential to prevent hallux valgus. Specific exercises can help strengthen muscles, improve stability and increase foot mobility. Some recommended activities include:

  • Stretching Exercises: Spread your toes apart and hold the position for a few seconds.
  • Grasping exercises: Try to grasp small objects with your toes to improve dexterity.
  • Plantar Arch Stretches: Use a towel or elastic band to perform gentle stretches, improving arch flexibility.

These activities not only strengthen the feet, but also promote better weight distribution and foot alignment during walking.

Minimization of standing time

Standing for prolonged periods of time can increase pressure on the big toe and contribute to the development of hallux valgus. It is advisable to alternate between standing and sitting and to take regular breaks to walk or stretch, thus reducing stress on the feet.

Use of Supports and Orthoses

Insoles and orthopedic supports can be valuable allies in the prevention of hallux valgus. These devices are designed to provide additional support, evenly distribute pressure across the foot and relieve stress on the big toe. It is important to select orthoses that fit well and are designed specifically for this condition.

Regular Podiatric Checkups

Early detection of changes or abnormalities in the structure of the foot is essential to prevent hallux valgus. Regular visits to a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist allow any problems to be identified and addressed early, thus preventing progression of the condition.


Prevention of hallux valgus requires a combination of carefully selected measures, including proper choice of footwear, specific foot exercises, minimization of standing time, use of orthotic supports and regular podiatric check-ups. By taking a proactive approach to foot health, it is possible to significantly reduce the risk of developing this painful condition. Remember, investing in the health of your feet not only improves your quality of life, but also prevents future complications.

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